General Risk Factor
Being male, Increasing Age, Marital Status, Family history of suicide, Family history of affective disorder, Easy access to means, History of psychiatric illness particularly major depression, A previous suicide attempt, A history of personality or behavioural disorder, Drug or Alcohol abuse, Family breakdown or conflict or other relationship breakdown, Physical or sexual abuse, Absence of a confiding relationship, Unemployment, Physical illness, Social isolation/ living alone, Prison, An occupation with easy access to means.
Youth Risk Factor
History of suicidal behaviour, Family breakdown & disruption, Family aggression, Poor parenting, Contagion copycat suicides, Substance abuse, Stressful life events, Poor interpersonal problem solving skills, Interpersonal losses, Disruptive disorders & legal problems, Hopelessness, per se, is not a consistent predictor of suicidal behaviour
Elderly Risk Factor
Affective illness, Hopelessness (more common than anger or guilt), Personality style ( timidity, shyness, reclusiveness, hostility), Functional impairment, Alcoholism, Less likely to have made a suicide attempt in the past, Fewer physical resources and therefore less likely to survive an attempt, More likely to be isolated or living alone therefore a reduced chance of being rescued, More planned and deliberate.
Suicide Warning Signs
Unexpected reduction of academic performance, Ideas and themes of depression death and suicide, Change of mood and marked emotional instability, Significant grief or stress, Withdrawal from relationships, Physical symptoms with emotional cause, Surfing the internet for chat rooms and sites advocating suicide, Listening to songs praising suicide, Speaking about suicide, Art work/writing about suicide, Threats and statements of intent, Preoccupation with a known suicide, Life threatening risk taking behaviour, Giving away treasured possessions.